Brexit Withdrawal Agreement 2018

The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement 2018: What You Need to Know

Brexit has been one of the most talked-about events in recent history, and it has had a significant impact on the world economy. The UK’s decision to leave the European Union created a lot of uncertainty, and negotiations have been ongoing for years. In late 2018, an agreement was reached, and it’s known as the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement.

What is the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement?

The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement is a legally binding agreement that lays out the terms of the UK’s exit from the European Union. It covers several areas, including citizens’ rights, the financial settlement, and the issue of the Irish border.

One of the most contentious issues in the negotiations was the question of the Irish border. The agreement includes a ‘backstop’ arrangement, which would essentially keep Northern Ireland aligned with the EU customs union and single market if a future trade agreement cannot be reached that avoids a hard border.

Another key element of the agreement is the financial settlement. The UK agreed to pay a financial settlement to the EU, covering commitments that were made while it was a member. The estimated cost of the settlement is between £35 billion and £39 billion.

The agreement also protects EU citizens living in the UK and UK citizens living in the EU. It provides guarantees on their rights to live, work, and study in the respective areas.

Why Was the Agreement Controversial?

The agreement was controversial for several reasons. Firstly, many people in the UK did not believe that the agreement represented a good deal for the country. There were concerns about the cost of the financial settlement and the potential implications of the backstop arrangement.

Secondly, some people in the UK believed that the agreement did not go far enough in terms of protecting the country’s interests. In particular, there were concerns that it did not provide enough certainty about the future relationship between the UK and the EU.

Finally, the agreement was controversial because it was not universally accepted. The UK Parliament rejected the agreement, and it has not been ratified by the EU.

What Happens Next?

The future of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement is uncertain. The UK and the EU are currently engaged in negotiations to try to reach a new agreement that would replace it. However, with time running out and both sides taking hard-line positions, it remains to be seen whether a deal can be reached.


The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement was a significant moment in the history of the UK and the European Union. Although it has not been ratified, it remains an important document that outlines the terms of the UK’s exit from the EU. Whether a new agreement can be reached remains to be seen, but the negotiations are sure to continue for some time.

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